THE ESM CORNER

SAINIK SCHOOL: A GATEWAY TO DEFENCE SERVICES

Discover your path to a career in defense services with Sainik School - India's premier institution for military education.
ESM-CORNER-SAINIK-SCHOOL
PIC CREDIT SS SBP

INTRODUCTION

Sainik School is a system of public schools in India that aims to prepare students for a career in Defence services. The schools are established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under the Ministry of Defence. They are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and follow a common curriculum and examination pattern. To get admission in Class VI or Class IX at Sainik Schools, candidates need to pass the AISSEE, which is an all-India entrance exam.

HISTORY

The idea of Sainik Schools came from V. K. Krishna Menon, who was India’s Defence Minister in 1961. He wanted to improve the diversity and quality of the Indian Military officers. He proposed to set up residential schools with a military bias in different regions of the country. The first Sainik School was established in 1961 at Satara, Maharashtra, followed by Kunjpura, Haryana in 1962. Since then, more Sainik Schools have been established across the country, with the latest one being in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh in 2020.

SAINIK SCHOOLS SOCIETY

The Sainik Schools Society is an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Defence, which oversees the functioning and administration of the Sainik Schools. The Society is headed by a Board of Governors, chaired by the Defence Minister. The Society also has a Central Governing Council, an Executive Committee, and a Finance Committee. The Society lays down the policies and guidelines for the Sainik Schools and monitors their implementation. The Society also conducts the AISSEE and allocates funds to the Sainik Schools.

ESM-CORNER-SAINIK-SCHOOL
PIC CREDIT SS SBP

MANAGEMENT

The Sainik School Society takes care of all the things related to Sainik Schools, such as:

  • Making rules and guidelines for the Sainik Schools.
  • Choosing places for the new Sainik Schools based on the needs and benefits.
  • Hiring principals and staff for the Sainik Schools.
  • Giving Funds to the Sainik Schools for building, teaching, and other things.
  • Make sure that the Sainik Schools follow the same syllabus, including academic subjects, physical fitness, and military training.

GOVERNING BODY

The Sainik-School Society is led by a Board of Governors, which has important people from the government, the military, and the education field. The board makes the big decisions, checks the work of the Sainik Schools, and gives direction to the society.

How are the Sainik Schools connected to the states?

These Schools are set up in different states in India, and each school is connected to the Sainik-School Society. The Sainik-School Society gives overall guidance to the Sainik-Schools, but the Sainik-Schools may also have some people from the state governments on their boards.

SAINIK SCHOOLS IN COUNTING

Currently, 23 states and one union territory have Sainik Schools, with a total of 33 schools in the country. In addition, the Ministry of Defence has approved 35 new Sainik-Schools, which will operate in partnership with NGOs/private schools/State Governments. These approved new Sainik Schools will function under the aegis of the Sainik-Schools Society and offer admission to the Sainik-School stream of Class VI, through AISSEE 2024. The locations of these new Sainik Schools are yet to be announced.

ACADEMICS AND CURRICULUM

Sainik Schools follow the CBSE curriculum and offer education from Class VI to Class XII. The medium of instruction is English. The subjects taught in Sainik Schools are:

ScienceMathematics
Computer ScienceSocial Science
SanskritGeneral Knowledge
Physical EducationWork Experience
Art EducationValue Education

The Sainik Schools also prepare the students for the National Defence Academy (NDA) and other defence services examinations. The students are given coaching and guidance for these examinations by the school staff and guest faculty. The Sainik Schools also conduct regular tests and mock examinations to assess the student’s performance and readiness for the competitive exams.

MILITARY TRAINING AND DISCIPLINE

Sainik Schools aim to instil a sense of discipline, patriotism, leadership, and service among the students. The students are given military training and exposure to various aspects of defence services. Besides military training the students also participate in various co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, such as:

Military TrainingExtra-curricular Activities
DrillSports and Games
Physical TrainingCultural Programmes
Obstacle CourseDebates and Quizzes
Weapon TrainingAdventure Activities
Map ReadingSocial Service
Field CraftEducational Tours
First AidCamps and Expeditions
Disaster Management Yoga
NCC 
 

The students are divided into houses and follow a strict daily routine. The students are expected to adhere to the rules and regulations of the school and maintain high standards of discipline, conduct, and hygiene. The students are also rewarded and punished for their achievements and lapses, respectively.

ESM-CORNER-SAINIK-SCHOOL
PIC CREDIT SS SBP

ELIGIBILITY

The eligibility criteria for admission to Sainik-Schools for both boys and Boys candidates are as follows:

  • The candidates must be citizens of India.
  • The candidates must have passed the previous class from a recognised school.
  • The candidates must be medically fit and free from any disability or disease.
  • The candidates must meet the age limit as prescribed by the Sainik-Schools Society. The age limit for admission to Class VI is 10-12 years, and for admission to Class IX is 13-15 years, as of 31 March of the year of admission.
  • The candidates must belong to the domicile of the state/UT where the Sainik-School is located, or have a Defence background.
  • The candidates must belong to the category for which the seats are reserved.

ADMISSION FOR GIRLS

Sainik-Schools were initially meant only for boys, but in 2018, the Ministry of Defence decided to allow admission of girls in Sainik-Schools. The first batch of girls was admitted to five Sainik-Schools, namely, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, in the academic session 2018-19. Since then, more Sainik-Schools have opened their doors to girls, and as of 2020, 15 Sainik-Schools have started admitting girls.

The admission process and criteria for girls are the same as for boys, except for the reservation policy. The admission process and criteria for girls are the same as for boys, except for the reservation policy. Girls and boys have to apply online for the All-India Sainik-Schools Entrance Examination (AISSEE). Girl’s admission is preferred for class VI they can apply for Class IX admission only if there are vacant seats. The reservation policy for girls is as follows:

Reservation Policy for GirlsDetails
Total seats reserved for girls15%
Seats reserved for SC/ST girls7.5%
Seats reserved for general category girls7.5%
Reservation within the domicile quota67%
ESM-CORNER-SAINIK-SCHOOL
PIC CREDIT SS SBP

ADMISSION PROCEDURE

The Sainik-School Society helps the Sainik-Schools to work well and train students for the Defence services. The Sainik-School Society manages the admission to Sainik-Schools. The admission has three steps: an entrance exam, an interview, and a medical test. Boys from the same state as the school can apply, and some seats are for boys from other states. Candidates need to pass the AISSEE, an all-India entrance exam, to get admission in Sainik-Schools. The AISSEE is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the Sainik-Schools Society. The AISSEE is a pen-and-paper-based test, which consists of multiple-choice questions. The AISSEE is held in January every year, at various centers across the country.

The AISSEE has two papers: Paper I and Paper II. The Exam Pattern is as follows :

EXAM PROCEDURE
Exam NameAISSEE- All India Sainik-Schools Entrance Examination
Exam Conducting BodyNational Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the Sainik-Schools Society
Exam ModePen-and-paper based test
Notification of ExamOct / Nov every year by NTA
Registration website https://exams.nta.ac.in/AISSEE/   
Exam DateJanuary every year
Exam CentresVarious centres across the country
Exam PapersPaper I and Paper II
Exam Syllabus and PatternFor Class VI: Paper I: Mathematics and Intelligence (150 marks, 2 hours) Paper II: Language and General Knowledge (100 marks, 1 hour) For Class IX:   Paper I: Mathematics and Science (200 marks, 2 hours 30 minutes) Paper II: English and Social Studies (100 marks, 1 hour)
Medical ExaminationConducted by the Military Hospitals for the qualified candidates
Merit ListPrepared based on the marks obtained in the AISSEE and the medical fitness of the candidates
Seat AllotmentDone as per the merit, preference, category, and availability of seats
Admissions are Strictly Merit-based

RESERVATION

This paragraph explains the seat reservation criteria for admission to Sainik Schools in India

ReservationHome State/UT (List A)Other States/UT (List B)
Total seats67% of seats in each Sainik School33% of seats in each Sainik School
Scheduled Castes (SC)15% of total seats15% of total seats
Scheduled Tribes (ST)7.5% of total seats7.5% of total seats
Other Backward Classes Non-Creamy Layer (OBC-NCL)27% of total seats27% of total seats
Defence category25% of balance seats25% of balance seats
General categoryRemaining balance seatsRemaining balance seats
Distribution of seats under Other States/UT quotaN/ACandidates from a particular State/UT will not exceed 25% of the total vacancies in each category. Balance unutilized seats will be filled by candidates from Home State/UT in the corresponding category.
Distribution of seats for Girl candidates in Class VIIn each school, either 10 seats or 10% of Class VI seats (whichever is more) will be for girls from different groups.Same as Home State/UT
ESM-CORNER-SAINIK-SCHOOL
PIC CREDIT SS SBP

FEE BREAKUP

The fee structure for Sainik Schools varies from school to school, depending on the location, facilities, and expenditure. The fees include tuition fees, boarding fees, clothing fees, pocket money, incidental charges, and caution money. The fee is payable in advance, either annually or biannually, as per the school’s norms. The fee is subject to revision from time to time.

The Sainik Schools also provide scholarships and fee concessions to deserving and needy students, based on their merit, category, and income. The scholarships and fee concessions are granted by the respective state/UT governments, the Ministry of Defence, and the Sainik-Schools Society. The details of the scholarships and fee concessions are available on the websites of the Sainik-Schools.

Click here to download Fee Structure

CONCLUSION

Sainik Schools are prestigious institutions that provide quality education and military training to students who aspire to join the Defence services. Sainik Schools nurture the students’ physical, mental, and moral development and prepare them for the challenges of life. Sainik-Schools are a boon for the nation, as they produce brave and patriotic citizens who serve the country with honour and pride.

error: Content is protected !!