Learn about the proposed revision of the OROP scheme by the MoD, set to benefit 30 lakh retired soldiers and their families. Find out how this revision aims to address pension disparities among veterans.

The One Rank, One Pension (OROP) scheme is a long-standing demand of the Indian armed forces, ensuring that veterans receive uniform pension irrespective of their retirement date. This principle ensures that personnel retiring at the same rank and with the same length of service receive the same pension, regardless of when they retired. The core idea behind OROP is to eliminate the discrepancies in pension benefits among military retirees.

1. Emoluments Formula:

The MoD has proposed a revised formula for calculating emoluments, directly impacting the pension amounts for retired soldiers. This formula aims to address existing disparities, providing equitable benefits to veterans and their families. The new calculation method will consider the latest pay scales and allowances, ensuring that all veterans receive fair and updated pension benefits.

2. Union Cabinet Approval:

The proposed revision has been submitted for approval by the Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The approval process is crucial as it will officially bring the revised OROP into effect, ensuring its benefits reach the intended recipients. The government’s proactive approach in addressing veterans’ issues underscores its dedication to the welfare of retired personnel.

3. Second Revision:

This marks the second major revision of the OROP scheme. The first revision, ordered in 2019 and approved in 2022, set a precedent for ongoing adjustments to the pension structure. The current revision builds on these previous changes, aiming to further streamline and improve pension distribution for retired soldiers.

4. Historical Context:

The OROP scheme was a significant policy decision made during the initial tenure of the Modi government. The policy letter issued on November 7, 2015, ensured that OROP benefits were granted from the cut-off date of July 1, 2014. This decision was a landmark moment in recognizing and addressing the long-standing demand of the armed forces for equitable pension benefits.

5. Future Adjustments:

According to the policy letter, the pension will be re-fixed every five years to account for changing circumstances. This systematic review process ensures that the pension structure remains fair and relevant, adjusting to inflation, changes in pay scales, and other economic factors. The periodic revisions aim to maintain parity among retirees and keep their benefits in line with current economic conditions.


The OROP revision involves detailed calculations and the application of specific formulas to determine the pension amounts. The key elements include:

a. Pension Calculation:

The pension is calculated based on the average of the minimum and maximum pension of personnel who retired in the calendar year 2023 for the same rank and length of service. This method ensures that the pension reflects current standards and addresses any discrepancies from previous calculations.

b. Circulars and Notifications:

The implementation of OROP and its subsequent revisions are guided by a series of official circulars and notifications. Key documents include the initial policy letter from November 2015, subsequent revision orders, and the latest proposal submitted to the Union Cabinet. These documents provide detailed guidelines on pension calculations, eligibility criteria, and the implementation process.

The proposed revision of OROP is set to have a profound impact on the lives of retired soldiers and their families. The key benefits include:

1. Enhanced Financial Security:

The revised pension scheme will provide increased financial security to veterans, ensuring that their pensions keep pace with rising living costs. This financial stability is crucial for maintaining a decent standard of living for retired personnel and their dependents.

2. Recognition of Service:

By ensuring equitable pensions, the OROP scheme acknowledges the invaluable service and sacrifices of the armed forces. This recognition boosts the morale of serving personnel, knowing that their future financial well-being is safeguarded.

3. Reduction in Disparities:

The revision aims to eliminate the disparities in pension amounts that have existed due to different retirement dates. This move towards uniformity ensures that all veterans are treated fairly, regardless of when they retired.

While the OROP revision is a positive step, it is not without challenges. Key considerations include:

1. Financial Implications:

Implementing the revised OROP scheme requires substantial financial resources. The government needs to balance this expenditure with other budgetary priorities to ensure sustainable implementation.

2. Administrative Efficiency:

Efficient administration and timely disbursement of revised pensions are critical for the success of the scheme. The MoD must ensure that the implementation process is smooth and that veterans receive their revised pensions without delays.

3. Continuous Review:

The periodic review and adjustment of pensions every five years require a robust monitoring mechanism. The government must remain vigilant and responsive to ensure that the pension scheme adapts to changing economic conditions and remains fair to all beneficiaries.

The proposed revision of the One Rank, One Pension (OROP) scheme by the Ministry of Defence is a significant step towards ensuring fair and consistent pensions for retired soldiers. By addressing disparities and providing equitable benefits, the revision underscores the government’s commitment to honouring the service and sacrifices of the armed forces. As the Union Budget presentation approaches, the official announcement of the revised OROP is eagerly anticipated by the veteran community. The continuous efforts to refine and improve the pension scheme highlight the nation’s dedication to the welfare of its defenders, ensuring their financial security and well-being in retirement.

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